What is Inherited Metabolic Disorders?
One in every 2,000 babies worldwide suffers from congenital rare diseases*, including metabolic diseases. In Hong Kong, about 1 out of every 4,000 newborn babies has a congenital genetic metabolic disease+. Because the symptoms of early neonatal genetic diseases are not obvious, the disease may not be diagnosed by symptoms (or symptoms often appear slower), and now more than 400 neonatal inherited and metabolic diseases can be screened through NGS technology for early detection and prevention of diseases for which symptoms have not yet appeared in the newborn period.
*European Organisation of Rare Diseases
+香港統計月刊 2020年3月 Hong Kong
|Metabolic Disorders（154 Types）||Other Dominant and Recessive Inherited Diseases（303 Types）|
|Amino Acid Metabolism Disorders (36 Types)||Thalassemia A and B||G6PD Deficiency|
|Organic Acid Metabolism Disorders（9 Types）||Cystic Fibrosis||Hemophilia A|
|Fatty Acid Metabolism Disorders（37 Types）||Sickle Anemia||Hemophilia B|
|Carbohydrate Metabolism Disorders（38 Types）||Hearing Loss|
|Vitamin Metabolism Disorders（2 Types）||Albinism|
|Mineral Metabolism Disorders（9 Types）||Spinal Muscular Atrophy|
|Peroxisome Disorders（11 Types）||Spinocerebellar Atrophy|
|Other Metabolism Disorders（12 Types）|
Who should do the test?
• Newborns from 0 days old
• Newborns who were failed in the hearing loss assessment test
• Newborns with clinical symptoms such as delayed jaundice, feeding difficulties, vomiting, diarrhea, anemia, etc.
• Newborns who need a genetic confirmatory test for the metabolic problems
What should I do if test results are positive?
Please counsel your physicians or genetic counselor for professional advice before taking any actions.